Eurozone Economy Resilient in Face of Record Inflation

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By Alex Pigman

Europe’s economy is proving surprisingly resilient against soaring energy and food prices, data showed Friday, as tourism boosted France and Spain but export powerhouse Germany stalled, keeping recession fears alive. news online

The EU agency Eurostat said gross domestic product in the 19-country eurozone grew by 0.7 percent in the second quarter, far stronger than expected by analysts. The EU as whole grew by 0.6 percent.

The war in Ukraine has seen the price of natural gas and grocery items skyrocket, and Eurostat’s data also showed that inflation in the single-currency area hit yet another new record of 8.9 percent in July.

Europe’s industrial powerhouse Germany continued to be the worst affected by the war, which added to the country’s woes from the continued Covid restrictions in China, a crucial export market.

Stagnant German growth in the second quarter has led analysts across the board to predict a recession that would spill over to the continent as a whole.

Russia has sharply reduced its gas flows to Germany, raising the fear that reserves will be very low this winter and force some level of rationing that would be devastating for the economy.

The International Monetary Fund has warned that Germany, which serves as the engine of the wider European economy, is the most at risk against the war in Ukraine.

  • Recession ‘likely’ –

Countries reliant on tourism showed better-than-expected resilience, with growth in France and Spain gaining strength as tourists took advantage of unrestricted travel to the world’s top destinations.

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The economies of France and Spain expanded from the previous quarters by 0.5 percent and 1.1 percent respectively.

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Nevertheless, analysts warned that the tourism boost would be short-lived and said all countries faced a huge challenge to sustain growth in the second half of the year.

“The stronger-than-expected GDP data… do not alter the fact that a deepening energy crisis, soaring inflation and rising interest rates are likely to push the region into recession later this year,” said Andrew Kenningham, economist at Capital Economics.

Italy, a major source of concern for analysts, also defied expectations by growing one percent in the second quarter.

Italy is heavily indebted and fears of a political crisis are rife after the announced departure of Prime Minister Mario Draghi — who is seen as a steady hand by the financial markets.

Despite the dark clouds ahead on growth, the months of record inflation have tied the hands of policy makers from stimulating the economy.

Major central banks have raised interest rates and cut off the money taps in order to bring down consumer prices, at the risk of slowing the economy or worse.

This has been the case in the United States, where data showed the world’s top economy had entered a technical recession that was buffeted by the four-decade-high spike in inflation and rising borrowing costs.

The European Central Bank has followed a similar course to that of the US Federal Reserve and last week raised rates for the first time since 2011.

The situation is no better in China, with growth falling to just 0.4 percent in the second quarter, its worst performance since early 2020 at the height of the Covid crisis.

Economists agree that Europe’s outlook for the coming months is extremely uncertain given the war and its fallout.

“The impact of high inflation… and higher uncertainty are having a dampening effect on the economy,” ECB chief Christine Lagarde said last week, adding that those factors were “significantly clouding the outlook for the second half of 2022.”


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